1. Women own significiantly less titled land than men worldwide. Despite the fact that women represent half the global population, produce the majority of global food supply, and perform 60-80% of the agricultural work in developing countries.
Improving women’s property rights has a catalytic effect and is important for several reasons:
- Households headed by women are considered among the most socially and economically vulnerable. They are at an even greater disadvantage if they lack secure tenure to their housing,
- A significant portion of women still face gender-based legal barriers that prevent them from acquiring formal title to land, and
- Women tend to share the benefit of improved tenure security among all household members, which is especially important for creating a more stable environment for their children.
2. One out of every 7 people on the planet lives in a slum. By 2030, the global slum population is expected to double to 2 billion.
Increasingly, the poor are forcibly evicted and pushed to the edge of cities into unplanned and poorly serviced areas. Slum residents often lack basic services such as clean water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. As a result, slum residents are at great risk of contracting water-borne and respiratory diseases. We must continue to advocate for, and invest in slum upgrading if we are to ever realize a world where everyone has a decent place to live.
3. Disasters affect about 188 million people each year.
Poor and marginalized communities, including those without secure tenure to their homes, are among the most vulnerable. Many urban poor end up with poorly constructed shelters in unsafe locations, which are highly vulnerable to environmental degradation. Land may be lost through post-disaster land-grabbing and rural-urban migration. To avoid future eviction or permanent displacement, unregistered residents may refuse to evacuate high-risk areas during disasters, endangering their lives in the attempt to hold on to their land. Disaster resilience enables communities to better prepare, respond and recover from disasters, predictable or otherwise.
4. Housing accounts for more than 70% of land use in most cities.
Yet roughly 1 in every 3 people living in cities around the world lack secure land rights. By 2050, 70% of the world is expected to live in urban areas. 75% of people lack proper documentation for the land on which they live. Millions of people live in constant fear of eviction, unwilling to leave their homes in case they are never able to return. Strengthen and enforce systems that increase access to land for shelter, by doing so it will help achieve myriad other development goals.
5. There are 8 targets and 12 indicators related to land, out of the 17 goals and 169 targets. Need a refresher on the SDGs? In September 2015, 193 countries endorsed the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (Global Goals or SDGs) to address the global challenge of eradicating poverty and committed to achieving sustainable development in a balanced and integrated manner. The indicators provide a framework to monitor progress, inform policy and ensure accountability of stakeholders. Of the 12 land indicators, the Solid Ground campaign is actively engaged with 3:
SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
Indicator 1.1 — Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing.
SDG 1: No Poverty
Indicator 4.2 — Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sec and by type of tenure.
SDG 5: Gender Equality
Indicator a.2 — Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal right to land ownership and/or control
Join us in holding all stakeholders accountable to their commitments to affordable and accessible housing by getting to the root of the issue; increase access to land for shelter.